Medical marijuana wins over voters - what now? - East Valley Tribune: Ahwatukee Foothills

Medical marijuana wins over voters - what now?

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Posted: Monday, November 15, 2010 3:43 pm | Updated: 4:25 pm, Mon Oct 29, 2012.

Would-be patients hoping to get some medical marijuana now that voters have approved the law should not hold their breath.

State Health Director Will Humble said Monday Proposition 203 gives his agency 120 days from the time the election results are certified — now set for Nov. 29 — to come up with the rules and regulations of how the system will operate.

Theoretically, he said, that should allow doctors to begin writing the legally required recommendations for patients in early April. But Humble said they may not have any place to purchase their drugs, at least not legally.

At the end of that 120 days, Humble said his agency has to start reviewing what he expects to be hundreds of applications by groups that want to operate one or more of the marijuana dispensaries around the state. And, by law, he’s currently allowed to give permits to only 125 of them.

Humble said he probably will screen each of the applications to check their plans for operations and security and award the licenses to only the most qualified. The alternative, he said, is a simple lottery process — something he does not favor.

Even that, however, doesn’t get the process started: He said each dispensary needs time to get up and running.

“And remember, they’ve got to get their cultivation facility up and running so they have an inventory that’s legitimate,’’ he said.

“I don’t want this to be inventory that comes off the street or from Mexico or something,’’ Humble said. “This has got to be from cultivation facilities inside the state.’’

He figures it could be sometime next summer, if not the fall of 2011, before the plants are legally grown, harvested and ready for sale.

But Andrew Myers, the campaign manager for Prop. 203, said patients may not have to wait that long. He said the measure allows those who are at least 25 miles from a state-regulated dispensary to do their own cultivation.

“Patients will be given I.D. cards before dispensaries will be licensed,’’ he said. “So, at the outset, the first batch of patients are all going to be able to grow, for a year, until their renewal comes up.’’

Humble, though, said he’s still researching that question.

More complex, he said, will be everything else to make the system work. Humble said there needs to be a secure computer system to track the drugs and the users.

On the front end, he said there needs to be an inventory system to ensure that everything that starts out as seeds in a legal cultivation facility winds up being sold through a legal dispensary, and only to a legitimate cardholder.

“That’s not as simple as it might sound on the surface,’’ he said.

“When they grow the plants, they weigh different amounts at different times,’’ Humble said.

“And there’s a drying period,’’ he continued. “So part of that weight was water weight.’’

He said dispensaries need round-the-clock access to the database of patients who have state-issued cards to verify that person is entitled to purchase marijuana. More to the point, the system will keep cardholders from buying more than 2 1/2 ounces every two weeks, the limit in the new law.

Finally, law enforcement needs the same access to determine whether the person they stopped is entitled to have that bag of marijuana.

Of greater concern, Humble said, is keeping some doctors from becoming the kind of “recommendation mills’’ he said have popped up in Colorado. The health director said he wants to spell out what sort of doctor-patient relationship has to exist before a physician can write such a recommendation.

“If we have a loose interpretation of what a doctor-patient relationship is ... then you could end up with situations like they have in Colorado where folks are walking into a doctor’s office for a 15-minute appointment and $150 bucks on the barrel head, they’re walking away with a recommendation,’’ Humble said.

At the very least, Humble said, he wants some assurance that doctors have discussed alternative to marijuana for their patients, particularly those who say they need the drug for “severe and chronic pain,’’ one of the conditions that lets a doctor write a recommendation. He said that should include biofeedback and acupuncture, where there is peer-reviewed evidence both actually work.

“Chronic pain is very difficult to measure,’’ Humble said, which is one reason he opposed the initiative in the first place. And that, he said, provides an opportunity for abuse.

In Colorado, he said, more than 90 percent of cardholders get them for chronic pain.

“The majority of those cardholders are guys in their 20s and 30s,’’ Humble said.

“I’m not saying none of them are in chronic pain,’’ he continued. But Humble said that condition becomes a “gateway’’ into Colorado’s system.

“I want to make sure we have some checks and balances in the system ... to make sure they are in a true doctor relationship, that they’ve truly evaluated that patient, that they truly think marijuana is the mechanism that they want to use for managing that patient, and they’ve talked with that patient about the various alternative treatments that they may have access to,’’ he said.

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